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Aeronautical Engineer

Mataaro Whakahaere Pūkaha Rererangi

Alternative titles for this job

Aeronautical engineers plan and supervise the design, development and modification of all types of flight vehicles. They also monitor and analyse in-service failures and faults.


Aeronautical engineers usually earn an average of

$100K per year

Source: Engineering NZ, 2022.

Job opportunities

Chances of getting a job as an aeronautical engineer are good due to demand for their services.


Pay for aeronautical engineers varies depending on skills and experience.

  • Aeronautical engineers usually earn an average of $100,000 a year.
  • Team leaders usually earn an average of $120,000 a year.
  • Aeronautical engineer managers can earn an average of $160,000 a year, or more.

Source: Engineering New Zealand, 'Remuneration Survey 2021 Snapshot', 2022.

(This information is a guide only. Find out more about the sources of our pay information)

What you will do

Aeronautical engineers may do some or all of the following:

  • study aircraft issues and recommend changes
  • design equipment or tools to repair or maintain aircraft
  • discuss aircraft designs and data with colleagues, licensed aircraft maintenance engineers, aircraft manufacturers and airline owners
  • make detailed records of drawings, technical instructions, assessments and calculations
  • oversee the design of new aircraft or modifications to existing aircraft
  • give technical and regulatory advice to professionals in the aerospace industry.

Skills and knowledge

Aeronautical engineers need to have:

  • knowledge of aircraft structures, electronic systems (including navigation, communication and electrical power), and hydraulic and propulsion systems 
  • a good understanding of aerodynamics (how aircraft fly), thermodynamics (the effects of heat on aircraft), stress and fatigue (structural degradation), and fluid dynamics 
  • knowledge of design techniques and engineering principles
  • an understanding of mechanical processes and the parts of aircraft, including metals and alloys and hydraulics
  • knowledge of civil aviation laws and regulations
  • the ability to explain complicated ideas in simple language for report writing or to express design plans to licensed aircraft maintenance engineers and technicians
  • the ability to use computer-aided design (CAD).

Working conditions

Aeronautical engineers:

  • usually work regular business hours, but are sometimes required to work weekends and evenings, and are often on call
  • work in offices, at airports, and aircraft workshops or hangars
  • may travel nationally and internationally to inspect aircraft and attend courses and conferences on aeronautical engineering.

What's the job really like?

Hemi Jones

Hemi Jones

Design Certification Engineer (Aeronautical Engineer)

Engineering study led to passion for aeronautics

Hemi found his passion for aeronautics while studying for a Bachelor’s degree in mechanical engineering. During his last year of university, Hemi was involved in projects where he learned about the aerodynamics of formula racing cars.

“You need a mechanical engineering degree to understand the basics. The more complex, field-specific knowledge can be learned on the job and through textbooks.”

Making rescue helicopters safer

Hemi works on a variety of different aircraft, including search and rescue helicopters. This involves certifying and testing components that increase the functionality of the aircraft, which makes life easier and safer for the pilots and paramedics. A big part of his job is writing reports about how the structural changes to aircraft comply with the complex industry regulations.

“The majority of the job is computer-based, but I often visit aircraft hangers to gain an understanding of the clients’ needs on a particular aircraft. Once we know what we’re doing with the aircraft, we go back and calculate the various loads and components required.”

Useful to work with a senior team

“If I need a hand or a have a technical problem, there’s always someone here that I can ask. There’s a great wealth of knowledge at Flight Structures, and it’s extremely useful having so many experienced people around.”

Entry requirements

To become an aeronautical engineer you need to have a Bachelor of Engineering.

Aeronautical engineers should aim to become chartered professional engineers and Civil Aviation Authority design approval holders after five or more years of industry experience.

Secondary education

A tertiary entrance qualification is required to enter further training. Useful subjects include English, maths, physics, and construction and mechanical technologies.

Personal requirements

Aeronautical engineers need to be:

  • confident
  • adaptable and creative
  • practical and accurate
  • analytical, and good at problem solving
  • strong communicators
  • able to work well under pressure.

Useful experience

Useful experience for aeronautical engineers includes:

  • any work involving machinery, engines or vehicles
  • technical drawing
  • inventing mechanical or electronic devices or equipment.
Check out related courses

What are the chances of getting a job?

Strong demand for aeronautical engineers

Due to a shortage of workers, there is strong demand for aeronautical engineers in New Zealand. 

Aviation Engineer (Avionics, Aeronautical, Aerospace Engineer) will appear on Immigration New Zealand's Green List from March 2024. This means the Government is actively encouraging these skilled workers from overseas to work in New Zealand.

According to the Census, 396 aeronautical engineers worked in New Zealand in 2018.

Air New Zealand main employer of aeronautical engineers

Most aeronautical engineers work for Air New Zealand Engineering.

Other employers include:

  • smaller airline and helicopter companies
  • maintenance and aircraft design firms
  • the Royal New Zealand Air Force
  • Civil Aviation Authority.


  • Air New Zealand, interview, February 2020.
  • Air New Zealand website, accessed February 2020, (
  • Flight Structures, interview, February 2020.
  • Flight Structures website, accessed February 2020, (
  • Immigration New Zealand, 'Changes to Immigration Settings Announced, '23 September 2023 (
  • Ringa Hora Workforce Development Council, interview, March 2023.
  • Stats NZ, '2018 Census Data', 2019.

(This information is a guide only. Find out more about the sources of our job opportunities information)

Progression and specialisations

Aeronautical engineers may move into supervisory or management roles within airlines, oversee a team of engineers, or become self-employed consultants working on a wide range of projects.

Some aeronautical engineers may specialise in particular types of aircraft such as:

  • helicopters
  • military aircraft
  • aerospace vehicles, such as rockets.
Aeronautical engineer inspects an aeroplane in an airport hangar

Aeronautical engineers study aircraft defects or faults and design repairs or changes

Last updated 26 September 2023