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Helicopter Pilot

Kaiwhakarere Toparere

Alternative titles for this job

Helicopter pilots fly helicopters carrying people or cargo.


Helicopter pilots with up to three years’ experience usually earn

$41K-$45K per year

Helicopter pilots with more than three years’ experience usually earn

$45K-$180K per year

Source: Aviation New Zealand and Wellington Helicopters, 2018.

Job opportunities

Chances of getting a job as a helicopter pilot are poor for those wanting to enter the role, but good for those with experience.


Pay for helicopter pilots varies depending on skills, experience and their employer.

  • Entry-level helicopter pilots earn about $41,000 a year (based on a 40-hour week), though many only work part time when first starting so may earn less than this.
  • Helicopter pilots with three to five years' experience can expect to earn between $45,000 and $80,000.
  • Senior helicopter pilots may earn $100,000 to $180,000 or more.

Source: Aviation New Zealand and Wellington Helicopters, 2018.

(This information is a guide only. Find out more about the sources of our pay information)

What you will do

Helicopter pilots may do some or all of the following:

  • prepare or check flight plans
  • do preflight checks, including checking weather conditions, equipment and the helicopter
  • calculate the amount of fuel needed for flights, and refuel and load the helicopter accordingly
  • brief passengers on flight and safety details
  • control the helicopter on the ground and in the air
  • write reports and keep a flight log.

Specialised helicopter pilots may do some of the following:

  • provide commentary to tourists during scenic flights 
  • apply fertiliser or other agricultural chemicals
  • communicate with other emergency services (such as hospitals or search and rescue services)
  • round up sheep, horses, cattle or other groups of animals
  • navigate the helicopter in dangerous conditions such as smoke
  • carry large buckets or tanks of water to put out fires.

Skills and knowledge

Helicopter pilots need to have:

  • excellent flying skills
  • knowledge of flight theory and flight planning
  • skill in interpreting flight plans, weather and navigation data
  • understanding of civil aviation laws
  • knowledge of helicopter mechanics.

Working conditions

Helicopter pilots:

  • may work regular business hours, or weekends, or do on-call work
  • work in conditions that are often noisy, and can be rough or uncomfortable in bad weather
  • may travel nationally or internationally for work.

What's the job really like?

Kyhala Miller

Kyhala Miller

Helicopter Pilot

Work around an active volcano

Flying passengers to, and guiding tours around, White Island – New Zealand's most active volcano – is all in a day's work for helicopter pilot Kyhala Miller. "A good part of our job is guiding various walks and giving commentaries. We have learnt about Māori culture and stories, so we can explain more about the significance of the region to our passengers."

Multitasking in mid-air

"It's demanding giving a commentary while flying the aircraft and listening to the tower and other traffic. I make my passengers aware of this – finding that balance was something I had to learn initially."

Kyhala had to adjust to working in the tourist industry with its busy season. "During the summer, staff may be closing up to go home and customers walk into the office and ask for a flight. Then it's a case of making hay while the sun shines."

But it's the clients that make the job for Kyhala. "They are so thankful – it's quite humbling and makes you realise what a great career it is."

Entry requirements

To become a helicopter pilot you need to have a Commercial Pilot Licence – Helicopter (CPL-H).

Training to become a helicopter pilot can be done through private flight schools or with the NZ Air Force and Navy.

Secondary education

There are no specific secondary education requirements to become a helicopter pilot, but NCEA Level 3 English, maths, physics and computing are useful.

Additional requirements for specialist roles:

For specialised roles, such as firefighter helicopter pilot, more flying hours and experience is required. 

Personal requirements

Helicopter pilots must be:

  • calm, confident and alert
  • adaptable
  • able to work well under pressure
  • able to work independently
  • good at following procedures and paying attention to detail.

Useful experience

Useful experience for helicopter pilots includes:

  • experience in the industry you want to fly in – for example, if you want to work as a rescue helicopter pilot, experience as a medic is useful
  • flying experience
  • customer service roles
  • engineering or mechanical work.

Physical requirements

Helicopter pilots need to have good hearing and eyesight (with or without corrective lenses), and good reflexes and co-ordination.

They must also have a good level of fitness and health. They need to pass a medical exam every year.

Find out more about training

Flying New Zealand
0800 422 635 - execsec@flyingnz.co.nz - www.flyingnz.co.nz
The Royal New Zealand Air Force
0800 136 723 - www.defencecareers.mil.nz
Service IQ
0800 863 693 - intel@serviceiq.org.nz - www.serviceiq.org.nz


Check out related courses

What are the chances of getting a job?

More helicopter pilot graduates than jobs

Opportunities for new helicopter pilots are poor due to a small number of vacancies, and an oversupply of graduates. Because of this, many people who graduate with helicopter pilot licences do not go on to work in the role.

For entry-level pilots, your best chance is to work in a ground crew position (often part time) for a helicopter operator, and slowly gain more flying hours and trust from the employer until a pilot position becomes available.

Over 2,200 New Zealanders have a Commercial Pilot Licence – Helicopter, according to the Civil Aviation Authority of New Zealand.

According to the Census, 534 helicopter pilots worked in New Zealand in 2018.

Demand highest for experienced helicopter pilots

As employers are looking for experienced helicopter pilots, demand is highest for those who have completed a large number of flight hours.

Many pilots look overseas for work

New Zealand helicopter pilots are well regarded internationally because of their experience flying in New Zealand's harsh weather conditions and mountainous environment. Because of the limited opportunities in New Zealand, many travel overseas to find work. However, helicopter pilots need an aviation licence for the country they work in, so they must pass more tests before they can work overseas.

Most helicopter pilots work for small companies

Most helicopter operators in New Zealand are small companies employing fewer than 10 staff. Some are owner-operators. Only a few larger companies have 30 staff or more.

Helicopter pilots can also work for businesses involved in:

  • agriculture
  • forestry
  • oil and gas exploration
  • mustering (gathering livestock)
  • search and rescue
  • tourism.

They may also work as instructors at flying schools or for the Royal NZ Air Force or Navy.


  • Alexander, G, training and development chair, Aviation New Zealand, Careers Directorate – Tertiary Education Commission interview, February 2018.
  • Civil Aviation Authority of New Zealand, 'Pilot licence statistics', accessed March 2018, (www.caa.govt.nz).
  • Daniel, D, base manager/pilot, Wellington Helicopters Limited, Careers Directorate – Tertiary Education Commission interview, February 2018.
  • MacGregor, B, executive officer, Aviation New Zealand, Careers Directorate – Tertiary Education Commission interview, February 2018.
  • Stats NZ, '2018 Census Data', 2019.

(This information is a guide only. Find out more about the sources of our job opportunities information)

Progression and specialisations

Helicopter pilots may progress to be flying instructors, move into managerial positions or set up their own helicopter businesses.

Helicopter pilots may specialise in flying particular types of helicopters, or in the following roles:

Agricultural Helicopter Pilot
Agricultural helicopter pilots apply agricultural chemicals or fertiliser to farmland. They fly close to the ground and need to have knowledge of chemicals/fertilisers.
Air Force/Navy Helicopter Pilot
Air Force/Navy helicopter pilots fly military helicopters for the armed services. 
Charter Helicopter Pilot
Charter helicopter pilots fly for various industries including oil and gas, tourism and forestry.
Firefighter Helicopter Pilot
Firefighter helicopter pilots put out large fires such as bush fires. They need to be very skilled as they fly in smoky, dangerous conditions.
Mustering Helicopter Pilot
Mustering helicopter pilots help round up animals, such as sheep or horses, for farmers. They need to know about animal care and farming.
Rescue Helicopter Pilot
Rescue helicopter pilots work with search and rescue services and fly people to hospital or between hospitals. They need to be very skilled as conditions are often dangerous, particularly in winter months.
A pilot operates a helicopter

Helicopter pilots may transport people or cargo

Last updated 20 April 2020